For more than 50 years, the Utah Water Research Laboratory (UWRL) has conducted practical research in the State of Utah, the nation, and the world directed at solving water-related challenges, informing water policy and management, and training the next generation of water experts. As the oldest and one of the largest university-based water research facilities in the United States, we strive to generate the knowledge needed to solve pressing water problems now and in the future.
At the same time, we also acknowledge the dedicated people and innovative ideas from our past that have made these achievements possible. This brief history offers a glimpse into some of the contributions and milestones that form the foundation of the Utah Water Research Laboratory.
Early Water Research at USU
Water research at Utah State University is as old as Utah State University itself. Established in 1888 as a Federal Land Grant University, Utah State University was given special assignment to study problems connected with water, soil, plant, and animal life. In 1890 the College of Engineering was organized, and departments under this College gave heavy emphasis to teaching and research in the various aspects of water resource development and use. Many of the Civil and Irrigation Engineering Department staff did research in association with the Agricultural Experiment Station. The establishment of an Engineering Experiment Station in 1918 to conduct research on many kinds of engineering and scientific developments gave engineering staff members further opportunity to engage in water research.
The Concept of a Utah Water Research Laboratory
UWRL construction site
The concept of a water research laboratory at USU evolved after many years of careful thought and study by individuals with a special interest in water research. In 1949 Dr. Vaughn E. Hansen of the Civil and Irrigation Engineering Department took pictures of the potential site for such a facility on the Logan River at the mouth of Logan Canyon. Several years of negotiations and planning involving many individuals and agencies of state and federal governments followed.
Water research at USU, Utah's land grant institution, has been a priority from the beginning. The first research at the future UWRL sites was conducted in 1957. A pipe outlet was installed to bring water from First Dam for experiments on hydraulics of flexible tubing. Dean F. Peterson, dean of the College of Engineering at the time, initiated flume studies the following year hoping that continued research at the site would increase the chances of getting funding for a dedicated water research laboratory.
After years of dreams, plans, proposals, hard work, and commitment on the party of many at USU and within the State, the Utah legislature authorized the established of a water resources research laboratory at USU in 1959 and initiated architectural planning for the building that would become the Utah Water Research Laboratory.
Giants With a Vision
The UWRL came into being at the convergence of an idea and some determined and farsighted individuals in the late 1950s. They foresaw the need for a focused investment in water resources research and took action to make a water research facility a reality. The concept of a Utah Water Research Laboratory had evolved over many years of careful thought and study by those in the state with a special interest in water research. Three such individuals were Dean F. Peterson, then Dean of the College of Engineering, at USU, George Dewey Clyde, then governor of the State of Utah, and Vaughn E. Hansen, faculty member in the Department of Civil and Irrigation Engineering at USU who later became the first director of the UWRL. Their continued efforts, along with many others, led to state legislation authorizing the creation of the Utah Water Research Laboratory to the acquisition of funding for the original structure.
Stated Goals of the UWRL
The goals for the Utah Water Research Laboratory, as stated in the early development of the facility:
- To develop and maintain a research capability which can respond quickly, efficiently, and effectively to a wide variety of water research opportunities
- To provide a responsive and effective research arm for state agencies having concern with planning, management, development, allocation, and administration of water for any and all purposes.
- To maintain close liaison with academic departments and provide support and stimulation to the training of students.
- To encourage coordination with other university programs, laboratories, and research centers.
- To foster cooperation and coordination with federal agencies, and to contribute meaningfully to the solution of regional, national, and international water problems through contract and grant programs.
- To effectively disseminate and implement the results of research to those having need for the information.
Planning and Procuring Funding
Early UWRL concept
The Utah legislature authorized the establishment of a water resources research laboratory at USU and initiated architectural planning in 1959. Funds were provided by the State of Utah, the National Science Foundation, and the National Institutes of Health. Major construction began in 1963.
The Utah legislature entertained a bill legislation providing that there be: “…appropriated to the State Building Board $1,200,000.00 or so thereof, as may be necessary, from the General Fund for constructing the Utah Water Research Laboratory, on the Logan River, on property already acquired by the State of Utah for such purpose, the preliminary plans for which Research Laboratory have already been prepared by the Building Board…” Subsequently the building appropriation for USU for the 1961-63 biennium included $200,000.00 for a “Hydraulics Laboratory”.
UWRL groundbreaking 1963
In 1961 United States Senator Wallace F. Bennett introduced a bill to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to: “…establish, equip, and maintain a regional research laboratory to be located at or near the Utah State University…”. Although nothing came of Bennett’s 1961 bill, a bill was drafted and introduced by Senator Clinton Anderson of New Mexico in 1962 to establish water resources research centers at selected universities. Then in 1963, the bill was revised and introduced again. The legislation was enacted the following year and became known as the Water Resources Research Act of 1964. The program was administered by the Office of Water Resources Research (OWRR), under the U.S. Department of the Interior.
Moving into the completed lab building
The office and small laboratory portion was approved by the Building Board in August 1965, and the large laboratory section was finished in November 1965.
Staff began occupying the office portion September 1965, and equipment was moved in during October and November, 1965.
On July 12, 1964, the USU Board of Trustees appointed Dr. Vaughn E. Hansen first Director of the Utah Water Research Laboratory. He served in this capacity until his resignation on June 30, 1966.
The Culmination of A Dream
The dedication of the building was held on December 6 and 7, 1965. Special guests for the occasion included Calvin L. Rampton, Governor of Utah; George D. Clyde, former Governor of Utah; Dr. John C. Calhoun, Jr., Vice President for Programs, Texas A& M University, and formerly Science Adviser to the Secretary of the Interior; Dr. Hunter Rouse, Director, Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research, State University of Iowa; and Dr. Daryl Chase, President, Utah State University. During his speech at the dedication, former governor Clyde called it a “Culmination of a Dream.”
The facility provided approximately 80,000 square feet of space and included a chemical laboratory, bacteriological laboratory, instrumentation laboratory, measurement laboratory, sedimentation laboratory, model laboratories, printing room, publication room, drafting room, instrument shop, machine shop, project rooms, long towing flume, large flume, weighing tanks, volumetric tanks, receiving area, conference rooms, projection room, lecture room, dark room, library, and offices.
Building Expansion- Environmental Quality Laboratory (1980)
By 1975, the research program had outgrown the facility. The Environmental Quality Laboratory was housed in makeshift construction behind the Hydraulics Laboratory, and office space was scarce. Additional funding was obtained from the Utah State Legislature, and in 1980 the present the expansion was completed. The expansion included the 11,000-square-foot Environmental Quality Laboratory wing with state of the art equipment including: chemistry, microbiology, and analytical instrumentation laboratories; two 300 square-foot constant temperature rooms; bioassay and research project areas; a refrigerated sample storage area; separate solvent and gas cylinder storage areas; and a loading dock. Additional offices and a third conference room were constructed on the mezzanine wing. This building addition dedication was held on December 4, 1980.The building that houses the Utah Water Research Laboratory was named the “George Dewey Clyde building” in official ceremonies on August 6, 1982. The naming honored the former Governor of Utah for his contributions to water research and development in Utah. His support of the water laboratory concept while he was governor made the enterprise possible
International Irrigation Center (IIC)
Many of Utah State University's international programs in water were accomplished by the College of Engineering through the Utah Water Research Laboratory (UWRL) and its International Irrigation Center (IIC). The UWRL and IIC were part of the historic, century-long commitment that USU has made to provide assistance in water resources management and planning to the international community.
Utah State University (USU) has a long history of cooperation with various countries around the world. Development and management of water resources and irrigation have been USU's primary areas of domestic and international focus since the early 1900s to the present. For example, former USU President John A Widstoe wrote a textbook on irrigation in 1910 and a companion volume on dryland farming in 1914. Some consider these to have formed the basis of modern irrigation science throughout the world. In 1916, the Shah of Persia's Ambassador to the United States gave the commencement address at USU at the invitation of Widstoe, and the first international students (from Persia) arrived shortly thereafter.
Continued Growth - Additional Hydraulic Laboratory Building (2009)
On September 24, 2009, the UWRL dedicated a new 11,000-square-foot hydraulics laboratory, adding exciting new possibilities to the existing 102,000-square-foot UWRL facility. The new building increased the number and scope of open channel hydraulics modeling projects possible at the UWRL. Detailed large scale models of dams and spillways, as well as other hydraulic models, can be constructed and tested with flows up to 130 cfs. As a recirculating facility, the new laboratory can provide a flow of nearly 50,000 gallons per minute, in any season of the year, without impacting river operations. The Modeling Laboratory was dedicated on September 24, 2009.
50th Anniversary Celebration: The Year of Water 2015
Utah State University (USU) and the Utah Water Research Laboratory (UWRL) celebrated 2015 as the 'Year of Water' as well as the 50th anniversary of the dedication of the UWRL. The celebrations provided an opportunity for student and faculty to present research and to welcome visitors to the facility. Here are just a few highlights from our celebrations.
Open house 2015
Public Open House:
On Thursday evening, Sept. 10th, 2015, more than 200 visitors toured the UWRL building, where students and faculty presented demonstrations and discussed their ongoing research. In all, the event featured 34 displays at 21 stations in two buildings and on all three floors of the laboratory, where visitors could learn about the important cutting-edge water-related research.
Alumni photo 2015
Alumni lunch 2015
On Saturday, October 3rd, 2015, alumni and current students gathered for a casual get-together to renew old ties and introduce new research. Some of our alumni were part of our history from the very beginning! The get-together was a great way to celebrate our past and our future at the same event.
Mary Cleave at a UWRL tour in 2015
Throughout the Year of Water in 2015, UCWRR Director, Mac McKee, welcomed numerous dignitaries and other visitors and has given dozens of tours and presentations, including an invited tour for a number of Utah's legislators. A visiting group of Environmental Engineering alumni and emeriti included NASA astronaut Mary Cleave, who received her PhD here at USU in 1980.
We were also pleased to partner with other colleges and departments across campus such as Agriculture and Applied Sciences and the Caine College of the Arts to celebrate and reemphasize the vital importance of water to all facets of nature and society.
Although the 50th anniversary allowed us focus on the past in many ways, our view remains solidly on the future of water research.
Current and Past Directors
Ronald C. Sims
David S. Bowles
L. Douglas James
Jay M. Bagley
Vaughn E. Hansen