The Logan River Observatory Field Safety Plan

Printable Version

Field Safety Plan

Version 1.1

5/8/2019

1. Document Purpose

This document outlines the roles, responsibilities, and planning/safety requirements and procedures that will cover day-to-day field work on the Logan River Observatory (LRO).

2. Roles and Responsibilities

2.1. In-town Supervisor

An individual will be designated the In-Town Supervisor for all field trips. This individual is responsible for receiving communication from the field team for the duration of the field trip.

2.2. Field Lead

Prior to field outings a Field Lead is designated. The designated Field Lead is responsible for evaluating work sites and activities to ensure practices are appropriate for the task being performed. For the duration of each field outing the designated Field Lead is responsible for:

  • Ensuring personnel are properly trained for the work being performed and that a current, signed Field Safety Agreement is on file with the business office
  • Ensuring work has been properly evaluated and site inspected.
  • Ensuring personnel are using the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Ensuring personnel are following safe work practices as outlined in this document and any other field safety materials and/or training presentations used by LRO
  • Ensuring personnel are dressed appropriately for the weather and have any additional clothing appropriate for foreseeable changes in the weather as presented in the Nation Weather Service forecast for the area including the field sites.
  • ENSURING THE CANCELLATION OF THE TRIP if any of the above requirements are not met. If the team is not ready then the trip will not proceed. Regroup and re-attempt under safer conditions.

Outside of site visits and field activities, the Field Leads are responsible for periodic inspection of Safety Equipment, upgrading and replacing as necessary.

2.3. Technicians, Students, and Visitors

Technicians, Students and Visitors are responsible for the following:

  • Understanding, based in part on training, but also based on their observations in the field, the hazards encountered on field trips
  • Following safe work practices required while performing work activities and visiting sites
  • Using the PPE specified for the task being performed
  • Communicating to the Field Lead any issues with equipment, personal safety, or general concerns

3. Planning

3.1. Safety Training Requirements

The Field Lead will initially review this document and the procedures herein with all other individuals visiting or working on LRO. Such a review is a prerequisite to beginning work for new technicians/participants in the LRO. A similar review will also be undertaken at least annually for those associated with LRO field work.

Upon completion of initial LRO field safety training or periodic re-training personnel will sign a LRO Field Safety Agreement and this will be kept on file in the UWRL Business Office.

3.2. Safety Equipment

UWRL will provide required PPE for LRO employees and visitors.

  • As required for in- or near-water activities
    • Wading gear, including waders, required wader belt, and wading boots
    • PFD
  • As required depending on activity/location
    • Protective Gloves
    • Eye Protection
    • Hearing protection
    • Hunter Orange vest for use during hunting season
  • To be accessible to field groups during all activity
    • First aid kit including first aid reference
    • Cold water immersion/hypothermia kit
    • Two-way satellite communicator/emergency beacon
    • Ham radio (as appropriate and when at least one FCC licensed operator is joining the trip)
    • Fire kit

3.3. General Personal Care and Dress Requirements

3.3.1. General Summer

  • Sunlight contains UV radiation, which can cause cataracts and skin cancer. Be sure to cover up and bring sunscreen and wear a wide brimmed hat and UV absorbent sun glasses.
  • Drink plenty beforehand and bring plenty of water. Generally, for a half day trip with activity in the sun, bring 2-3 L or 1L with a filter system. Wear light loose clothing. Take frequent short brakes in the shade. Eat smaller meals.
  • Use the buddy system and learn the signs of heat-related illness – clammy, profuse sweating, dizziness. Place an overheated worker in the shade or a cool room. Loosen clothing and apply a cool wet cloth to face and neck. Vomiting suggests medical attention is needed.
  • Hiking: Wear appropriate footwear for the terrain and loose synthetic clothing – no cotton.
  • Always prepare for changing weather conditions, especially if working in mountain environments. Bring a rain jacket with hood, rain pants, and waterproof boots. If potentially hiking in snow or swampy areas, bring gators. When ground is wet, move slowly and safely as ground may become slippery.
  • Bring food, protein bars, nuts, dried fruit, etc. and eat smaller meals.

3.3.2. General Winter

  • Sun protection: Snow reflects sunlight at all different angels, so ensure you have adequate sunscreen and put in places you wouldn’t think (e.g. the bridge between your nostrils). Oil based sunscreen are good in the winter because water based sunscreens can freeze and irritate your skin
  • Layers: Bring multiple layers of clothing including a synthetic, silk, or wool base layer, a mid-layer, and a water proof shell with pit-zips. Maintaining body temperatures that are not too low or too high is critical. If you are too warm you will sweat and your clothing will get wet and your will be cold and uncomfortable.
  • You should have waterproof pants, boots, gaiters where appropriate, a hat, and sunglasses.
  • Bring plenty of water and/or a water filter
  • Bring plenty of dried food for a day

3.3.3. Working in High Mountain Environments – General Summer

Mountain environments are dynamic and when working in these areas one should be prepared for all weather conditions (including snow in July) and to potentially stay the night.

  • Exposure to severe lighting storms when above tree line is possible. Exit water immediately.
  • Mountain environments experience rapid changes in weather including temperature and precipitation regimes. Ensure you have adequate clothing including,
    • Rain Jacket with hood, rain pants, waterproof shoes/boots, gaiters,
    • Extra clothing layers made of wool or synthetic materials.
    • Food and water (include a water filtration unit)
    • Shelter – tent or bivy sack

3.3.4. Thunderstorms and Lightning

  • If in water, get out as soon as possible
  • Avoid isolated tall trees. Lighting is likely to strike the tallest object in a given area (try not to be the tallest object). Avoid open areas. Retreat to dense smaller trees, low lying areas, and avoid water. Avoid metal objects like fencing and do not lean on concrete as it may have metal scaffolding inside. Never lie flat on the ground.

3.3.5. Dangerous Wildlife

There are a wide range and variety of animals living in the Bear River Range. Bear, elk, moose, deer, and mountain goats are among the larger animals. Mountain lions, bobcats, coyotes, fox, porcupines, raccoons, beaver, badgers, rabbits, weasels, squirrels, and pikas make up many of the smaller animals. Birds are abundant too, including eagles, owls, and hawks. Closer to the ground are lizards, rattlesnakes, and many insects.(1)

Normal caution should be taken with any and all animals encountered in the field. Leave them be; they’re most likely trying to avoid you anyway. Serious risk is unlikely, but possible, and is posed largely by venomous snakes and insects. Several rattlesnake species, venomous spiders (black widow spiders, hobo spiders, desert recluse spider (according to some), and perhaps others) may be encountered while in the field. Caution should be taken to avoid these animals should they fail to avoid you. Be aware of your surroundings and what is on the ground or in areas into which you may be reaching or crawling. Should you be bitten by something dangerous, you may not know immediately. Know which symptoms may indicate a snake or spider bite, including but not necessarily limited to:

3.3.5.1. To identify a snake bite, consider the following general symptoms (not exhaustive list)(4):
  • Two puncture wounds
  • Swelling and redness around the wounds
  • Pain at the bite site
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Sweating and salivating
  • Numbness in the face and limbs
3.3.5.2. To identify a spider bite, consider the following general symptoms (not exhaustive list)(3):

Typically, a spider bite looks like any other bug bite — a red, inflamed, sometimes itchy or painful bump on your skin — and may even go unnoticed. Harmless spider bites usually don't produce any other symptoms.

Symptoms associated with spider bites can vary from minor to severe. Although extremely rare, death can occur in the most severe cases. Possible symptoms resulting from a spider bite include the following:

  • Itching or rash
  • Pain radiating from the site of the bite
  • Muscle pain or cramping
  • Reddish to purplish color or blister
  • Increased sweating
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Anxiety or restlessness
  • High blood pressure
3.3.5.3. First Aid

Workers should take the following steps if they are bitten by a spider (3):

  • Stay calm. Identify the type of spider if it is possible to do so safely. Identification will aid in medical treatment.
  • Wash the bite area with soap and water.
  • Apply a cloth dampened with cold water or filled with ice to the bite area to reduce swelling.
  • Elevate bite area if possible.
  • Do not attempt to remove venom.
  • Notify your supervisor.
  • Immediately seek professional medical attention.

Workers should take the following steps if they are bitten by a snake (4):

  • If you or someone you know are bitten, try to see and remember the color and shape of the snake, which can help with treatment of the snake bite.
  • Keep the bitten person still and calm. This can slow down the spread of venom if the snake is venomous.
  • Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
  • Dial 911 or call local Emergency Medical Services (EMS).
  • Apply first aid if you cannot get the person to the hospital right away.
  • Lay or sit the person down with the bite below the level of the heart.
  • Tell him/her to stay calm and still.
  • Wash the wound with warm soapy water immediately.
  • Cover the bite with a clean, dry dressing.

What NOT TO DO if you or someone else is bitten by a snake (4):

  • Do not pick up the snake or try to trap it (this may put you or someone else at risk for a bite).
  • Do not apply a tourniquet.
  • Do not slash the wound with a knife.
  • Do not suck out the venom.
  • Do not apply ice or immerse the wound in water.
  • Do not drink alcohol as a pain killer.
  • Do not drink caffeinated beverages.

Sources:

(1) http://www.slcdocs.com/utilities/NewsEvents/news2000/news09012000.htm

(3) https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/spiders/symptoms.html

(4) https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/snakebite.html

3.4. LRO Site Assessments

Following are descriptions of the sites that may be regularly visited by individuals working with or visiting LRO.

T.W. Daniels Experimental Forest Climate Station

Site

T.W. Daniels Experimental Forest Climate Station (TWDEF)

Location

41°51'53.42"N 111°30'27.10"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Direct vehicle access

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Hike/Ski/Snowmobile up to~15mi rt depending on conditions

Site Access

Gated vehicle access. Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

No

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Hunters

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

Seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

None immediate to site

Access to Shade/Shelter

Tree shade nearby
No shelter nearby

Franklin Basin Aquatic Station

Site

Franklin Basin Aquatic Station (FBA)

Location

41°57'0.80"N 111°34'50.10"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Nearby vehicle access, walk <1000yd

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Ski/Snowmobile ~3.5mi rt

Site Access

Road open: Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Road closed (snow on ground, winter): XC ski from Franklin Basin Trailhead. This is a Non-Standard Field Trip.

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

No

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Hunters
Swift water

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter

Access to Shade/Shelter

Tree shade nearby
No shelter nearby
Vehicle nearby

Franklin Basin Climate Station

Site

Franklin Basin Climate Station (FBC)

Location

41°56'59.23"N 111°34'53.30"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Nearby vehicle access, walk <1000yd

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Ski/Snowmobile ~3.5mi rt

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

No

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Hunters

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
seasonal treated tap water nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Tree shade nearby
No shelter nearby
Vehicle nearby

Wilkins Radio Repeater

Site

Wilkins Radio Repeater (WR

)

Location

41°54'22.51"N 111°33'14.59"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Nearby vehicle access, walk <1000yd

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Ski/Snowmobile ~1.5mi rt

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

No

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Hunters

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
seasonal treated tap water nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Tree shade nearby
No shelter nearby
Vehicle nearby

Tony Grove Climate Station

Site

Tony Grove Climate Station (TGC)

Location

41°53'8.32"N 111°34'7.88"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Nearby vehicle access, walk <1000yd

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Nearby vehicle access, ski <1000yd

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

No

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Hunters

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
seasonal treated tap water nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Tree shade nearby
USFS facilities nearby
Vehicle nearby

Tony Grover Aquatic Site

Site

Tony Grove Aquatic Station (TGA)

Location

41°52'33.81"N 111°33'52.52"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Direct vehicle access

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Direct vehicle access

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

No

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Hunters
Swift water

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
seasonal treated tap water nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Tree shade nearby
USFS facilities nearby
Vehicle nearby

UWRL Aquatic Station

Site

UWRL Aquatic Station (WLA)

Location

41°44'21.24"N 111°47'44.65"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Direct vehicle access

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Direct vehicle access

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

Yes

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Swift water

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

site at USU facility

Access to Shade/Shelter

site at USU facility

River Heights Storm Drain Station

Site

River Heights Storm Drain Station (RH)

Location

41°43'30.56"N 111°49'33.41"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Direct vehicle access

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Direct vehicle access

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

Yes

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Swift water

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
commercially available nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Vehicle nearby

Spring Creek Footbridge Station

Site

Spring Creek Footbridge Station (SCF)

Location

41°42'39.61"N 111°50'1.49"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Direct vehicle access

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Direct vehicle access

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

Yes

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Swift water

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
seasonal treated tap water nearby
commercially available nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Vehicle nearby

Main Street Aquatic Station

Site

Main Street Aquatic Station (MS)

Location

41°43'16.29"N 111°50'6.49"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Direct vehicle access

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Direct vehicle access

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

Yes

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Swift water

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
municipal tap water nearby
commercially available nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Vehicle nearby

Black Smith Fork Aquatic Station

Site

Black Smith Fork Aquatic Station (BSF)

Location

41°42'16.29"N 111°51'3.82"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Nearby vehicle access, walk <1000yd

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Nearby vehicle access, walk <1000yd

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

Yes

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Swift water

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
seasonal treated tap water nearby
commercially available nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Vehicle nearby

Site

Logan Golf Course Climate Station (GCC)

Location

41°42'20.53"N 111°51'15.52"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Nearby vehicle access, walk <1000yd

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Nearby vehicle access, walk <1000yd

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

Yes

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
commercially available nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Vehicle nearby

Site

Mendon Road Aquatic Station (MR)

Location

41°43'14.30"N 111°53'11.26"W

Travel to Site, Warm Season

Direct vehicle access

Travel to Site, Fall/Winter

Direct vehicle access

Site Access

Open access on foot after parking vehicle

Reliable Cell Phone Coverage

Yes

Environmental Hazards

Stinging insects, venomous snakes
Lightning
Swift water

No Go Criteria

Extreme Cold
Active Storm
Electrical Storm
Impassable Roads

Expected Weather

seasonably variable

Drinking Water Availability

surface water available to filter
commercially available nearby

Access to Shade/Shelter

Vehicle nearby

4. Procedures

4.1. Pre-Trip Planning and Communication Plan

4.1.1. Identification of In-Town Supervisor

4.1.2. Standard Field Trips

A “standard” LRO field trip is a visit to an existing, permanent station or site to perform regular cleaning, calibration, maintenance, grab sampling, to download data, or to take a discharge measurement. For a standard outing, comprising one or more standard site visits and NO non-standard site visits or field trips:

  • For Standard Field Trips, the LRO’s PI, Dr. Neilson is designated the standing In-Town Supervisor.
  • Email notification of the basic trip itinerary will be given to supervisory personnel before the group leaves the UWRL. The In-Town Supervisor should be available in Logan to coordinate communication from the field team as necessary. If the standing in-town supervisor is out of town or indisposed, find an appropriate substitute.
  • Basic trip itinerary will include anticipated destinations, activities, and return time.
  • Email notification will include confirmation of anticipated communication method (as necessary) during trip. For example, cell phones, satellite communicator, amateur radio, amateur radio via repeater, or telephone via amateur radio repeater.
  • A gear checklist will be completed by the field team prior to departure
  • A weather forecast check will be completed by the team prior to departure and should include all areas included in the trip itinerary. Forecast source: forecast.weather.gov
  • For standard field trips, notification must be given to in-town supervisor as soon as it becomes reasonable that the anticipated return time/window will be missed.

4.1.3. Non-Standard Field Trips

A “non-standard” LRO field trip is anything not covered by the above definition of “standard” field trip. This includes but is not limited to:

  • Sampling trips into areas not normally visited by LRO field teams
  • Deployment, recovery, or maintenance of remote weather stations or sensors
  • Any night work, including at existing, permanent stations or sites

For a non-standard field trip, even those including one or more standard site visits:

  • Email notification of the detailed trip itinerary will be shared with team members and supervisory personnel at least the day before the group leaves the UWRL.
  • Confirmation of the itinerary must be returned to the Field Lead before the trip may commence.
  • A detailed trip itinerary will include duration and begin/end time of day for each item in the itinerary, such as departure times, trailhead times, travel times, work-on-site times, return travel times, any check-in times, etc.
  • Email notification will include confirmation of anticipated communication method (as necessary) during trip. For example, cell phones, satellite communicator, amateur radio, amateur radio via repeater, or telephone via amateur radio repeater.
  • A gear checklist will be completed by the field team prior to departure
  • A weather forecast check will be completed by the team both the day before the trip and prior to departure the day of the trip, and should include all areas included in the trip itinerary. Forecast source: forecast.weather.gov
  • Before a trip commences, the Field Lead must receive from the In-Town Supervisor confirmation that they know they are the in-town supervisor and that they will be available for the anticipated duration of the field trip.
  • Notification must be given to in-town supervisor as soon as ANY individual itinerary item’s timing is overshot. Communication should include anticipated mitigation. For example, state if there is a chance that the time will be made up on subsequent items and the overall schedule of the trip will be regained or if a subsequent item or items will be skipped to preserve timing or priority of other subsequent items.

4.2. Trip Completion Confirmation

Upon completion of all field work the in-town supervisor will be notified of the Field Team’s safe return to the UWRL.

4.3. Self-Assessment/Safety Equipment Checklist

What to bring:

  • PPE as required
    • Gloves
    • Safety glasses
    • Hearing protection
    • PFD
  • First aid kit
  • Water immersion kit
  • Safety orange for hunting season
  • Traffic cones for work near vehicle traffic
  • Two-way satellite communicator/emergency beacon. Currently, LRO uses a Garmin InReach Explorer+ communicator. This device allows asynchronous text messaging between the field team and email/text message users with internet/phone connections. The device also functions as an emergency SOS/rescue beacon. Please see manufacturer’s website for usage manual and further details (https://support.garmin.com/en-US/). Also see Section 5 of this document for details specific to the LRO’s InReach account and setup.

4.4. Surface Water Activities

The following sections have been adapted from the USGS publication: A Guide to Safe Field Operations; U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-777 (https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1995/of95-777/sw_act.html)

Procedures and guidelines to avoid personal injury during wading, bridge measurements, are discussed in this section.

4.4.1. Wading

Wading represents one of the greatest potential sources of accidents in the LRO. Constant awareness of wading dangers and weather conditions needs to be maintained to avoid accidents and potential injury. Listed below are some safety guidelines that need to be observed:

  • Beware of conditions where an ice or debris dam may exist above your intended wading location. DO NOT enter the stream in these conditions.
  • ALWAYS wear a belt on your waders. Waders without a belt pose a serious risk should they become overtopped and fill with water. You will not be able to control your movement or prevent submersion in this scenario. If your waders do fill with water, you need to remove the waders to keep them from holding you under water.
  • Don't wear boots or waders that are too tight or too loose.
  • Beware of streams with partial or thin ice cover and especially of ice-covered streams at the time of incipient breakup.
  • Determine whether the river stage is rising or falling. Beware of rapid rises in river stage when wading and anticipate and allow for changes in flow conditions at the end of the measurement. It is a good idea to select an object (rock, stump, mark along bank, etc.) that is just above water surface and keep watching it to determine if the river stage is rising or falling.
  • Always probe the stream bed ahead with a rod when moving from bank to bank. Keep your feet spread apart and alignment of legs parallel to the flow for better stability.
  • If the velocity becomes too great for safe wading do not turn around, because when the greater area of the front or back of the body is exposed to the current, you may be swept downstream. Back out carefully, bracing yourself with the wading rod.
  • Use careful judgment to determine when to wear a PFD while wading and conducting activities in swift water. If it appears possible that you may be swept into any water downstream of the wading area, wherein a PFD could potentially be protective, it should be worn. Keep in mind that water as shallow as 15cm is capable of knocking you off your feet if it is moving fast enough.
  • Beware of sand channels where pot-holes, quicksand, and scour can be hazardous.
  • Beware of slick, steep banks, and swampy areas.
  • Watch for debris and drifting ice.

4.4.2. Bridge Measurements and Station Work from Bridges

Bridges are often used for making discharge measurements of streams that cannot be waded. Equipment needed in making bridge measurements differs from that used in wading measurements in that a portable or vehicle-mounted metal crane is often used to mount a reel and suspend the meter, sounding weights, and cable over the bridge

Bridges are inherently dangerous because of vehicular traffic. The following safety procedures are recommended when making discharge measurements from a bridge:

  • Always wear a PFD when working from a bridge
  • Know how to use the equipment. Make a dry run with new equipment or unfamiliar equipment at the office with someone who knows how it operates.
  • Check the operation of the equipment before leaving the office to make sure that cranes, meters, reels, and motors are in good operating condition. Perform a visual inspection of batteries used with power cranes. Replace if unusual wear or cracks in the casing are observed.
  • Park the vehicle on the shoulder and set "caution" signs and plastic cones around work area. Assign a person, when necessary, to watch for traffic and debris in the river and shout warnings as appropriate.
  • Wear a high-visibility PFD or safety vest if you will be working around active traffic.
  • Using a reel and crane, either hand operated or power, can be dangerous because of the possibility of getting fingers caught under the cable or having the cable break and fly wildly. If at any time you lose your grip on the hand crank, make no attempt to grab the handle. Let it go! The flying handle can severely bruise an arm or even break a bone. Keep a sharp look-out for drift when measuring. Have a pair of heavy duty wire cutters handy to cut loose if drift is snagged.
  • Work from upstream side of the bridges if at all possible, so that debris can be spotted moving downstream.

4.4.3. Construction, Repair, and Maintenance of LRO Stations

There are many hazards associated with the construction and repair of stream gaging stations. By using common sense and by taking proper precautions, most accidents can be prevented. This can be accomplished by reading instruction manuals and asking questions related to the job, including planning of work, research for information in existing field notes, and reading previous field notes of adjacent sites. The type of structure or repair that is needed should be determined and, if necessary, detailed plans for the construction or repair of instrumentation or infrastructure should be prepared. Construction permits and inspections may be required and you must consult your local building department for up-to-date information. On occasion, contractors may be required to complete the work.

The maintenance of stations needs to be conducted on a regular basis. If maintenance is scheduled and carried out properly, it will result in fewer safety risks and less costly repairs. All manufacturer's recommendations must be closely followed when servicing or trouble-shooting equipment. Instructions associated with equipment operation in the field must be filed in the field folder. All specific information related to the maintenance of the instrumentation and infrastructure must be available prior to technician's departure to the field. The following safety procedures relating to aquatic and climate stations are recommended.

  • Identify all potential hazards before the maintenance, construction, or repair commences. If necessary assemble a list of hazards and provide it to the field crew.
  • Clear away any brush, vegetation, or debris from around the structure, keeping a sharp eye out for poisonous snakes. Hip boots or high-top leather shoes provide some protection against snake bites.
  • When doing construction or repair work at height, precautions must be taken against falls. Portable ladders must be well positioned to prevent slippage.
  • When doing construction or repair work to structures attached to bridges, precaution must be taken to insure employee safety as well as the safety of the motoring public while working from the bridge.

4.5. Buddy System

In general, always attempt to perform field work in a team of at least 2 people. When this is not possible working alone is only allowed while conducting the following activities. While performing any work alone at an aquatic station, a PFD must be worn.

Location

acceptable solo activity ; warm season

acceptable solo activity ; snow season

TWDEF

none due to remote location

none due to remote location and lack of standard vehicle access

FBA

none due to remote location

none due to remote location and lack of standard vehicle access

FBC

none due to remote location

none due to remote location and lack of standard vehicle access

WR

none due to remote location

none due to remote location and lack of standard vehicle access

TGC

none due to remote location

none due to remote location and lack of standard vehicle access

TGA

none due to remote location

none due to remote location

WLA

work at station enclosure, solar panel. Nothing at housings or sensors due to location under bridge

work at station enclosure, solar panel. Nothing at housings or sensors due to location under bridge

RH

work at station enclosure, solar panel. Nothing at housings or sensors due to location in storm drain

work at station enclosure, solar panel. Nothing at housings or sensors due to location in storm drain

SCB

work at station enclosure, solar panel, housings. Safe, low flow location next to high-traffic public walkway.

work at station enclosure, solar panel, housings. Safe, low flow location next to high-traffic public walkway.

MS

work at station enclosure, solar panel. Nothing at housings or sensors due to location under bridge

work at station enclosure, solar panel. Nothing at housings or sensors due to location under bridge

BSF

anything but dredging or housing cleaning at high flow

anything but dredging or housing cleaning at high flow

GCC

anything but tower climbing

anything but tower climbing

MR

work at station enclosure, solar panel, or sensors. Nothing at housings due to location at bridge abutment

work at station enclosure, solar panel, or sensors. Nothing at housings due to location at bridge abutment

5. Satellite Communicator Details

LRO has access to a Garmin InReach Explorer Plus Satellite Communicator. Operation is straightforward. The owner’s manual can be found here: http://static.garmin.com/pumac/inReach_SE_Explorer_Plus_OM_EN.pdf

To administer the subscription for this device or change the preset messages’ verbiage or send-to lists, go to

https://inreach.garmin.com/

Account details:

Username: patrick.strong@usu.edu

Password: LR01nReach (That's a zero-one)

Below is a screencap of the device settings if you need to talk to Garmin:

Garmin Device Setting Screencap