Field Safety Plan PFAS Project

Printable Version

11/4/2019

Purpose of Safety Plan:

This document outlines the roles, responsibilities, and safety requirements and procedures that will cover the collection of 5 mL and 250 mL water samples at wastewater treatment facilities in support of the PFAS project.

Roles and Responsibilities

In-Town-Fieldwork Supervisor

Dr. Dupont is the Supervisor for all field trips. He, as PI of the project, is responsible for receiving communication from the field team for the duration of the field trip, including when they depart for the field and when they return. He is responsible for ensuring that field crews return safely from the field.

Fieldwork Lead

Prior to all field outings, a Fieldwork Lead should be designated. The designated Fieldwork Lead is responsible for evaluating work sites and activities to ensure practices are appropriate for the task being performed. The Fieldwork Lead’s responsibilities are as follows:

The Fieldwork Lead will ensure that communication with Dr. Dupont is maintained, preferably by having access to a charged phone.

Ensuring that the work that will be done is within the purview of the technician or student doing said work and that a signed Field Safety Agreement is on file with the UWRL Business Office.

Ensuring that students or technicians on fieldwork have appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), including gloves, goggles (if necessary), proper footwear, work and weather appropriate clothing, and sun protection (if necessary).

Ensuring that students or technicians follow any additional safety procedures specified by the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) staff.

Ensuring that all technicians and students have read, understand, and are utilizing the procedures outlined in this document before they are going to a field site.

If any of the above responsibilities cannot be met, then the fieldwork trip will be canceled by the Fieldwork Lead. In the case of a fieldwork trip needing to be canceled, a fieldwork lead will ensure that all parties involved, including the party from the WWTP, have been notified in a timely manner.

Technicians and Students

The Technician and Student responsibilities are as follows:

Understanding and using the appropriate PPEs required by the fieldwork.

Understanding the site-specific safety procedures.

Being aware and ready for changes in weather

Communicating any issues that may affect the safety of the trip at any time before or during the trip, including, but not limited to, issues with PPEs, issues with communication, general health and safety concerns, and any symptoms.

Planning

Location of Local Urgent Cares and Hospitals

Hyrum-
Sterling Urgent Care, 1201 S Main St #110, Logan, UT 84321
Phone number: (435) 915-4465
After hours Logan Regional Hospital ER, 500 E 1400 N, Logan, UT 84341
Phone number: (435) 716-2240

Logan-
Logan InstaCare, 412 N 200 E, Logan, UT 84321
Phone number: (435) 713-2777
After hours Logan Regional Hospital ER, 500 E 1400 N, Logan, UT 84341
Phone number: (435) 716-2240

Santaquin-
Riverwoods Urgent Care, 280 W River Park Dr, #120, Provo, UT 84604
Phone number: (801) 229-2011
After hours Santaquin Clinic ER, 210 East Main Street, Santaquin, UT 84655
Phone number: (801) 754-3600

South Salt Lake-
Concentra Urgent Care, 2390 S Redwood Rd, West Valley City, UT 84119
Phone number: (801) 975-1600
After Hours Intermountain Medical Center ER, 5121 S Cottonwood St, Murray, UT 84107
Phone number: (801) 507-6600

Tooele-
Tooele Valley Urgent Care, 1244 N Main St, Tooele, UT 84074
Phone number: (435) 882-3968
After Hours Mountain West Medical Center Emergency Department, 2055 N Main St, Tooele, UT 84074
Phone number: (435) 843-3600

Wellsville-
Sterling Urgent Care, 1201 S Main St #110, Logan, UT 84321
Phone number: (435) 915-4465
After hours Logan Regional Hospital ER, 500 E 1400 N, Logan, UT 84341
Phone number: (435) 716-2240

Safety Training Requirements

Dr. Dupont will initially review this document and the procedures herein with all other individuals performing fieldwork as part of this project. Such a review is a prerequisite to beginning work for new technicians/participants. A similar review will also be undertaken at least annually for those associated with field work. Upon completion of initial field safety training or periodic re-training, personnel will sign a Field Safety Agreement, which will be kept on file in the UWRL Business Office.

Safety Equipment and Clothing

The UWRL will provide some required PPE for employees performing field work as required depending on activity/location, including protective gloves and appropriate tools. Where needs for equipment or tools are identified, these should be discussed with the Fieldwork Supervisor who will ensure that needs are met. Appropriate clothing for the field is the responsibility of the individual field personnel. Appropriate clothing includes dressing in a way that represents the individual as a professional.

General Personal Care and Dress Requirements

Field personnel are responsible for wearing appropriate clothing while working in the field. This includes adequate protection from the sun in the summer, wind and rain during any season, and from cold temperatures and snow in the winter (see potential hazards below). Field personnel should also present themselves professionally as representatives of the Utah Water Research Laboratory and Utah State University.

USU Vehicles

All field crew should maintain and keep up-to-date their University driving credentials where applicable. Regular breaks should be maintained on all lengthy journeys. All driving violations and accidents should be reported to the appropriate authorities and UWRL immediately.

Working at WWTPs

Call or email several days in advance to schedule your visit with the point of contact. Ensure that you are fully aware of all safety requirements at each WWPT, and that you adhere to these protocols. Ensure that you are aware of any specific limitation/restrictions to access to the facility and follow any safety instructions given by safety personnel at the plant.

Fieldwork Safety During Summer and Winter Months

Safety precautions will vary depending on the physical environment and also on weather conditions. If severe or hazardous weather persists, or persons cannot be adequately protected from hazardous or changing weather, the trip should be canceled regardless of far into the work the field team is and the field team should return to the lab.

Summer Months-

  • Sun Protection. Sunlight contains UV radiation, which can cause cataracts and skin cancer. Be sure to cover up, bring sunscreen, and wear a wide brimmed hat and UV absorbent sunglasses.
  • Heat. Bring plenty of water and drink plenty beforehand. Wear light, loose clothing. Take frequent short brakes in the shade. Eat small meals.
    • Use the buddy system and learn the signs of heat-related illness – clammy skin, profuse sweating, dizziness. Place an overheated worker in the shade or a cool room. Loosen clothing and apply a cool wet cloth to face and neck. Vomiting suggests medical attention is needed immediately.
  • Rain. Always prepare for changing weather conditions. Bring a rain jacket with hood, rain pants, and waterproof boots When the ground is wet, move slowly and safely as the ground may become slippery.
  • Food. Bring food, protein bars, nuts, dried fruit, etc., and eat small meals.

Thunderstorms and Lightning

  • Avoid isolated tall trees. Lighting is likely to strike the tallest object in a given area (try not to be the tallest object). Avoid open areas. Never lie flat on the ground. The safest place is in your car or truck.

Winter Months

  • Sun protection: Snow reflects sunlight at all different angles, so ensure you have adequate sunscreen and put in places you wouldn’t think (e.g., the bridge between your nostrils). Oil based sunscreen are good in the winter because water-based sunscreens can freeze and irritate your skin
  • Clothing: You should have waterproof pants, boots, gaiters where appropriate, a hat, and sunglasses.
    • Layers: Bring multiple layers of clothing including a synthetic, silk, or wool base layer, a mid-layer, and a waterproof shell with pit-zips. Maintaining body temperatures that are not too low or too high is critical. If you are too warm you will sweat, and your clothing will get wet and your will be cold and uncomfortable.
  • Food and Water: Bring plenty of dried food and plenty of water.

Fieldwork Safety Regarding:

Snake Bites-

Symptoms: Snake bite symptoms may include but are not limited to the following:
  • Two puncture wounds
  • Swelling and redness around the wounds
  • Pain at the bite site
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Sweating and salivating
  • Numbness in the face and limbs
First Aid: Workers should take the following steps if they are bitten by a snake:
  • If you or someone you know are bitten, try to see and remember the color and shape of the snake, which can help with treatment of the snake bite.
  • Keep the bitten person still and calm. This can slow down the spread of venom if the snake is venomous.
  • Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
  • Dial 911 or call local Emergency Medical Services (EMS).
  • Apply first aid if you cannot get the person to the hospital right away.
  • Lay or sit the person down with the bite below the level of the heart.
  • Tell him/her to stay calm and still.
  • Wash the wound with warm soapy water immediately.
  • Cover the bite with a clean, dry dressing.
What NOT TO DO if you or someone else is bitten by a snake:
  • Do not pick up the snake or try to trap it (this may put you or someone else at risk for another bite).
  • Do not apply a tourniquet.
  • Do not slash the wound with a knife.
  • Do not suck out the venom.
  • Do not apply ice or immerse the wound in water.
  • Do not drink alcohol as a pain killer.
  • Do not drink caffeinated beverages.

Spider Bites-

Symptoms:

Typically, a spider bite looks like any other bug bite—a red, inflamed, sometimes itchy or painful bump on your skin—and may even go unnoticed. Harmless spider bites usually don't produce any other symptoms. However, symptoms associated with spider bites can range from minor to severe. Although extremely rare, the most severe cases can result in death. Possible symptoms resulting from a spider bite include the following:

  • Itching or rash
  • Pain radiating from the site of the bite
  • Muscle pain or cramping
  • Reddish to purplish color or blister
  • Increased sweating
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Anxiety or restlessness
  • High blood pressure
First Aid: Workers should take the following steps if they are bitten by a spider:
  • Stay calm. Identify the type of spider if it is possible to do so safely. Identification will aid in medical treatment.
  • Wash the bite area with soap and water.
  • Apply a cloth dampened with cold water or filled with ice to the bite area to reduce swelling.
  • Elevate bite area if possible.
  • Do not attempt to remove venom.
  • Notify your supervisor.
  • Immediately seek professional medical attention.

Insect Stings-

General Considerations

Be generally aware of your surroundings. Scan working and travelling areas, including above you and below platforms, looking for nests, hives, anthills, etc. Do not disturb a nest or hive. If bees or wasps are present, walk calmly away and do not swat them. Do not step on bees/wasps as they can sometimes sting after death and the odor may attract more bees/wasps. Avoid bright clothing and strong smells (such as certain foods).

Allergic Reaction

Anaphylaxis symptoms usually occur within minutes of exposure to an allergen and can be fatal. Sometimes, however, it can occur a half-hour or longer after exposure. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Skin reactions, including hives and itching and flushed or pale skin
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)Constriction of your airways and a swollen tongue or throat, which can cause wheezing and trouble breathing
  • A weak and rapid pulse
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Dizziness or fainting

If any of these symptoms occur seek medical treatment immediately.

Ordinary Bee Sting

For an ordinary bee sting that does not cause an allergic reaction, “home treatment” is enough. Multiple stings or an allergic reaction are a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.

Home Treatments

If you can remove the stinger do so as soon as possible. Scrape the stinger out using a credit card, blunt knife, or fingernail. Do not try to remove a stinger below the skin surface. A stinger may not be present, only bees leave their stingers. Other stinging insects, such as wasps, do not.

  • Wash the affected area with soap and water
  • Apply a cold compress
  • Take over the counter pain relievers as needed.
  • If the sting is on an arm or leg, elevate it.
  • Apply hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion to ease redness, itching or swelling.
  • If itching or swelling is bothersome, take an oral antihistamine that contains diphenhydramine (Benadryl) or chlorpheniramine.
  • Avoid scratching the sting area. This will worsen itching and swelling and increase your risk of infection.
  • If the bite is from a wasp, a paste made from baking soda and water can be used to reduce the pain

Sources:

  1. http://www.slcdocs.com/utilities/NewsEvents/news2000/news09012000.htm
  2. https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/snakebite.html
  3. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/spiders/symptoms.html
  4. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bee-stings/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353874
  5. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/imagepages/19629.htm